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Diabetes Mellitus — Essay Sample Of all metabolic disease, diabetes mellitus — or simple diabetes, as many now know it — is one of the most widely known, widely studied and widely feared diseases. Sufferers of this disease must be diagnosed by a medical professional before seeking any form of treatment.
Typical symptoms of diabetes mellitus in its early onset stages include: Diabetes mellitus is either caused by genetic mutations, poor diet or other lifestyle choices. Some medications may either cause or trigger diabetes as well.
Individuals without a history of diabetes within their family are typically less likely to develop the disease.
There are 3 defined, existing types of diabetes mellitus; other cases have been reported that do not fit these types, but they are extremely rare.
Type 1 Diabetes, which is diagnosed when the body does not produce enough insulin. It is sometimes known as juvenile diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes, which is diagnosed when the body develops a resistant to the insulin it produces. Sometimes the body will produce insulin, but not in adequate amounts. This is also recognized as adult-onset diabetes.
Gestational diabetes, which refers to the phenomena of pregnant women developing high blood sugar levels diabetes during pregnancy. Without proper treatment, diabetes mellitus is incurable and fatal, regardless of the type.
Treatments for diabetes are diverse. Some patients may only need to adjust their diet to account for safe blood sugar levels. Other patients may need doctor-prescribed medications like metformin or certain sulfonylureas.
A common treatment lies in routine insulin therapy, which may include insulin injections, or other processes for inserting certain insulin amounts or supplements into the body.
If diabetes mellitus remains untreated, individuals will quickly succumb to worse conditions. Cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, vomiting, vision impairment, vision loss, skin rash and other vascular diseases are some effects of diabetes mellitus on an untreated body.
Sufferers can even lose toes, feet or other limbs as a result of diabetes-caused issues. The study of diabetes mellitus is an ongoing struggle for patients and the medical research community. Individuals with diabetes mellitus can seek help from doctors or metabolic disease specialists for a proper course of treatment.
The American Diabetes Association is a leading organization on diabetes, providing information, medical aid and research initiatives on the disease. Let's get your assignment out of the way.Review of Literature Definition and Classification Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorders of heterogeneous etiology characterized by absolute or relative insulin deficiency leading to hyperglycemia and an altered metabolism of glucose, fat and protein (Pietropaolo et al., ; American Diabetes Association, ).
The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus is extremely complex, as diabetes mellitus is characterized by different types but share common symptoms and complications.
Diabetes mellitus is classified in two types: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Essay Sample. Endocrine Disorder. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Type 2 An endocrine disorder is a medical condition that causes a hormonal imbalance. The other type that will form the center of focus in this essay is type 2 diabetes mellitus, also called non-insulin dependent diabetes.
The disease has often been associated with old age. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is low production of insulin by the body cells or the body does not effectively make use of the produced insulin. Type 2 diabetes is known to be the commonest type of diabetes; in fact, 90% of diabetes sufferers have type 2 diabetes (World Health Organization, ).
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Diabetes mellitus is where the body cells cannot use glucose properly for lack of or resistance to the hormone insulin, which is produced by the pancreas.