The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Protestants were persecuted and a number were executed as heretics.
Religion and rebellion The Scottish rebellion of deprived Mary, Queen of Scots of effective power, but she never accepted this and plotted to regain full authority.
Mary also claimed the English crown. Darnley was an alcoholic, capricious playboy, but he was the son of Margaret Douglas and therefore the grandson of Henry VII's eldest daughter, Margaret Tudor.
Darnley was a liability and Mary excluded him from influence, making her Italian Catholic secretary, David Riccio into her main counselor.
Darnley conspired with the Protestant Lords to murder Riccio in InDarnley himself was murdered possibly with Mary's approval ; and Mary then married the adventurer, James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, who had probably organized Darnley's homicide.
The outraged Scottish nobility rose again, defeated Mary and Bothwell in battle and forced her to abdicate in favor of her infant son, James VI. Inthe earls of Westmorland and Northumberland led the Revolt of the Northern Earls, aimed at restoring Catholicism and placing Mary on the throne in place of Elizabeth.
The rebellion was soon defeated. Pope Pius V heard of the revolt and having despaired of Elizabeth restoring Catholicism decided to help the rebels by deposing Elizabeth.
In fact the bull of deposition, Regnans in Excelsis did not arrive until after the Revolt's suppression and served only to anger Elizabeth and increase her distrust of Catholics.
The view that all Roman Catholics were potential traitors led to a series of measures against them from onwards: Roman Catholic judges and Justices of the Peace were excluded from power, and it became increasingly dangerous to shelter priests.
The deterioration of relations with the Papacy went along with increasing tension with the "most Catholic" king of Spain, Philip II. Philip II was faced with the rebellion in the Netherlands: Calvinist beliefs had spread in its northern provinces, and even the Catholic South feared that Philip would suppress local autonomy.
InPhilip sent an army there to prevent an uprising, but Elizabeth was afraid that the army would be used against England. Inshe seized a shipment of bullion sent by Genoese bankers to pay the Spanish troops garrisoned in the Netherlands. Philip was furious, particularly as he was also suffering losses in the New World from English privateers.
Infull-scale revolt broke out in the Netherlands, and Elizabeth sent them help in the form of money and supplies. No English soldiers were sent until These priests began arriving in England from about onwards.
Anti-Catholic feeling contributed to the growth of radical Puritanism. Many Protestants objected to the traditional ceremonies retained in the Church of England's worship.
When Elizabeth and her bishops insisted that these rituals be observed, some puritans took their opposition further and adopted Presbyterian views. Presbyterianism posed a serious threat to Elizabeth's control of the church. Sir Francis Walsingham Invasion and recession From the moment of her arrival in England, Mary Queen of Scots schemed not only for her restoration to the throne of Scotland, but to seize the English crown.
InSir Francis Walsingham finally obtained compelling evidence that Mary had encouraged the assassination of Elizabeth, and Elizabeth reluctantly agreed to Mary's execution.
Mary was the obvious Catholic candidate to rival Elizabeth, but after her death Philip II of Spain was able to launch a barely plausible case for the claim of his daughter, Isabella.All of the Catholics in England would want Mary to be Queen, so she was a large threat to Elizabeth because people in England and in the European Union would want Mary Queen of Scots to be Queen and not Elizabeth I.
Elizabeth's personal religious convictions have been much debated by scholars. She was a Protestant, but kept Catholic symbols (such as the crucifix), and downplayed the role of sermons in defiance of a key Protestant belief.
Elizabeth I of England McLaren, A. N. Political Culture in the Reign of Elizabeth I: Queen and . England had lost the last of her territories in France during the reign of Mary, when Calais was lost.
Therefore, France controlled the whole of the northern coastline and posed a major threat to England. A second major issue that had to involve France was the treatment of Mary Stuart, (Mary, Queen of Scots). Religion: The Biggest Threat to Queen Elizabeth's Reign in England PAGES 3.
WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: catholic threat, act of uniformity, queen elizabeth, act of supremacy. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
catholic threat, act of uniformity, queen elizabeth, act . Catholics in England were tarred with the same brush but towards the end of Elizabeth’s reign a more balanced view had developed.
There were those who were Catholic and loyal to Elizabeth and they greatly resented what Allen had written about their Queen. Queen Elizabeth I Praying Frontspiece to Christian Prayers () When Elizabeth became Queen in the November of , it was widely believed that she would restore the Protestant faith in England.