According to a theory, the title figure of what classic tale is said to be based on Nicholas of Cologne who supposedly lured away children for the Children's Crusade? Rome The book is about the computer modeling of unchecked economic and population growth with finite resource supplies. It predicted that economic growth could not continue indefinitely because of the limited availability of natural resources, particularly oil. What 20th century German novel that traces the spiritual journey of a protagonist contains twelve chapters relating to the Four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold Path of a belief system?
Postcolonial literature essay questions edit ] The significance of the prefix "post-" in "postcolonial" is a matter of contention. It is difficult to determine when colonialism begins and ends, and therefore to agree that "postcolonial" designates an era "after" colonialism has ended.
Spanish and Portuguese expansion begins in the 15th century; BritishFrenchDutch and German colonization unfold from between the 16th and 18th centuries until the independence movements of Asia, Africa and the Caribbean in the mid-twentieth century. It is also difficult to determine the postcolonial status of settler colonies such as Australia and Canadaor that of pre-colonial-era colonies such as Ireland.
Even though the term included British literature, it was most commonly used for writing in English produced in British colonies. Scholars of commonwealth literature used the term to designate writing in English that dealt with colonialism's legacy.
They advocated for its inclusion in literary curricula, hitherto dominated by the British canon. However, the succeeding generation of postcolonial critics, many of whom belonged to the post-structuralist philosophical tradition, took issue with the Commonwealth label for separating non-British writing from "English" literature produced in England.
The term "colonial" and "postcolonial" continue to be used for writing emerging during and after colonial rule respectively. Arguments in favor of the hyphen suggest that the term "postcolonial" dilutes differences between colonial histories in different parts of the world and that it homogenizes colonial societies.
Postcolonial fiction writers deal with the traditional colonial discourseeither by modifying or by subverting it, or both. He pioneered the branch of postcolonial criticism called colonial discourse analysis. Language and literature were factors in consolidating this sense of national identity to resist the impact of colonialism.
With the advent of the printing pressnewspapers and magazines helped people across geographical barriers identify with a shared national community. This idea of the nation as a homogeneous imagined community connected across geographical barriers through the medium of language became the model for the modern nation.
As depicted in Salman Rushdie's novels for example, the homogeneous nation was built on European models by the exclusion of marginalized voices. Frantz Omar Fanon —a Martinique -born Afro-Caribbean psychiatristphilosopherrevolutionaryand writer, was one of the proponents of the movement.
His works are influential in the fields of postcolonial studiescritical theoryand Marxism. However, Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement and economic empowerment focusing on Africa.
The philosophy came to be known as Garveyism. Against advocates of literature that promoted African racial solidarity in accordance with negritude principles, Frantz Fanon argued for a national literature aimed at achieving national liberation.
Rather, he argued that black cultural forms—including literature—were diasporic and transnational formations born out of the common historical and geographical effects of transatlantic slavery.
She proposes a completely different theorization of "anti-conquest" than the ideas discussed here, one that can be traced to Edward Said.
Instead of referring to how natives resist colonization or are victims of it, Pratt analyzes texts in which a European narrates his adventures and struggles to survive in the land of the non-European Other.
This different notion of anti-conquest is used to analyze the ways in which colonialism and colonization are legitimized through stories of survival and adventure that purport to inform or entertain.
Pratt created this unique notion in association with concepts of contact zone and transculturationwhich have been very well received in Latin America social and human science circles.
It accounts for the way that racism and the long-lasting political, economic, and cultural effects of colonialism affect non-white, non-Western women in the postcolonial world. The Pacific Islands comprise 20, to 30, islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Depending on the context, it may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonizedor Oceania.JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. This guide outlines all you need to know about English language and literature degrees, including the English topics you may be able to specialize in, possible career opportunities and the key skills you will pick up along the way.
Vol. 36 No. 6 · 20 March I recognise the Latin teacher in James Wood’s lecture ‘On Not Going Home’ (LRB, 20 February).He was indeed the headmaster of Durham Chorister School and he also taught me Latin, though some years before James Wood arrived. Irish literature - The 20th century: As the 20th century drew near in Ireland, a new nationalist cultural revival stirred.
It would come to be known as the Irish literary renaissance and would change modern Irish history, but first it had to make sense of the Irish past.
In Standish James O’Grady, considered by his contemporaries the “father” of this revival, published History of. This site contains links to lesson plans and resources for adolescent and young adult (grades ) literature, including short stories, mysteries, and English literature.
T LIT Understanding Literature (5) VLPA Develops essential tools for close and informed reading of fiction, drama, and poetry. Considers how a text generates aesthetic pleasure, how it achieves moral or social impact. Develops skills in literary analysis through reading literary texts, through.