Some of his discoveries and ideas helped make him one of the most recognized thinkers of all time.
Inwhen his parents moved to Florence, he was in charge of a religious neighbor named Jacobo Borhini. Four years later, he would drop out of school without a degree, although with a good knowledge about Aristotle. Inhe would return to Florence dedicating himself for several years to the study of mathematics.
Galileo was also interested in philosophy and literature, in which he showed priority for Ariosto versus Tasso. That year, Galileo would release his first work on the barycenter of bodies and the creation of a hydrostatic balance for the determination of specific weights, two contributions located in the line of Archimedes, whom Galileo would not hesitate to describe as superhuman.
He also began by demonstrating many theorems about the center of gravity of certain solids, continuing with his studies on the oscillations of the heavy pendulum and invented the heart rate monitor.
This device allowed to help measure the pulse and provides a time scale, which did not exist at that time.
Between andGalileo Galilei discovered the Cycloid and used it to draw bridge arches. Inhe moved to the University of Padua and worked as a professor of geometry, mechanics, and astronomy until He also invented the compass of calculation which will help to solve basic problems of mathematics.
Inhe met Marina Gamba with whom he had a relationship untiland with whom he had three children. Aroundhe published: InGalileo Galilei built his first Thermoscope, the first device in history that made possible to objectively compare the level of heat and cold.
That same year, he and two of his friends contracted an infectious disease of which only Galileo survived, which is why he remained crippled with rheumatism for the rest of his life. In the next two years, he studied the structures of magnets.
Throughouthe received a letter from the Frenchman Jacques Badovere, one of his former students, confirming an insistent rumor: With this unique description, Galileo built his first telescope.
A unique object at that time that was able to obtain a right image thanks to the use of a diverging lens in the eyepiece, this invention takes an important turn in his life.
Galileo Galilei continued developing his telescope and would make an instrument that increases the image twenty times, placed it to the sky observing the phases of the Moon with mountains and craters.
On January 7,Galileo made a capital discovery: But after observing for many nights, he discovered that there are four of them and that they will spin around the planet. On July 25, he also oriented his telescope to Saturn discovering its strange appearance, then found a way to observe the Sun in the telescope and discovered sunspots.
Galileo Galilei continued to discover things, and two months later, he discovered the phases of Venus, what was for him, a new proof of the truth of the system of Nicolaus Copernicus. Galileo remained in the pontifical capital for a full month, during which he received all the honors.
Galileo Galilei would return to Florence to continue with his investigations. In the month of March ofGalileo Galilei became seriously ill. However, he managed to recover after a while, to continue with his work.
By the yearGalileo Galilei was sentenced to life imprisonment with house arrest. Also, the sentence stated that all copies of some of his books should be burned and the sentence against him should be read publicly in all universities.
His last book was published inin which he discussed and improved his early studies in the movement and the principles of physics. This book would be used by Isaac Newton later on. Galileo lost his sight before his last book was published and would die on January 8,in Arcetri, Italy, at the age of 77 years.
His body was buried in Florence on January 9.The great physicist and Italian astronomer had to face an inquisition for defending the new theories about the universe. The scientific revolution of the Renaissance had their start in the Copernican heliocentrism and its culmination, a century later, in the mechanics of Newton.
Galileo's ink renderings of the moon: the first telescopic observations of a celestial object. In an Italian physicist and astronomer named Galileo became the first person to point a telescope skyward.
Galileo's theoretical and experimental work on the motions of bodies, along with the largely independent work of Kepler and René Descartes, was a precursor of the classical mechanics developed by Sir Isaac Newton.
Galileo conducted several experiments with pendulums. Nov 14, · Galileo Galilei Physicist Specialty Astronomy, physics, math Born Feb.
15, Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy Died Jan. 8, (at age 77) Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Italy Nationality Italian Galileo Galilei’s contributions to the realms of physics, astronomy, math, and the sciences were hugely significant and forever changed the course of human history.
15 February – 8 January , was an Italian physicist, mathematician,astronomer, & philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific schwenkreis.com achievements include improvements to the telescope & consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism Galileo has .
More significantly, Galileo’s observations would lead him to support the theory, laid out in by Polish mathematician and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, that the sun is the center of the.