The couple had two children who survived to adulthood:
Arthur married Ellen Herndon in New YorkCulver argued that, as New York law did not permit slavery, any slave arriving in New York was automatically freed.
Gardiner, and traveled with him to Kansas to consider purchasing land and setting up a law practice there. Seward in New York to coordinate the raising of additional troops, and spent the next few months enlisting New York's quota ofmen. Both children survived to adulthood. Tweedthe boss of the Tammany Hall Democratic organization.
Murphy was also a hatter who sold goods to the Union Army, and Arthur represented him in Washington. The two became associates within New York Republican party circles, eventually rising in the ranks of the conservative branch of the party dominated by Thurlow Weed.
The end of the Civil War meant new opportunities for the men in Morgan's Republican machineincluding Arthur. Custom Houses were managed by political appointees who served as Collector, Naval Officer and Surveyor.
InArthur unsuccessfully attempted to secure the position of Naval Officer at the New York Custom Housea lucrative job subordinate only to the Collector.
The Conkling machine was solidly behind General Ulysses S.
Grant 's candidacy for president, and Arthur raised funds for Grant's election in Tweed of Tammany Hall won a legislative majority, which meant they could name their own appointee. Having become friendly with Murphy over their shared love of horses during summer vacations on the Jersey Shorein July of that year, Grant appointed him to the Collector's position.
Typically, these jobs were dispensed to adherents of the political machine responsible for appointing the Collector. Employees were required to make political contributions known as "assessments" back to the machine, which made the job a highly coveted political plum. Hayes by the Republican National Convention preempted the machine boss.
Tildencarried New York and won the popular vote nationwide, but after the resolution of several months of disputes over twenty electoral votes from the states of Florida, Louisiana, Oregon, and South Carolinahe lost the presidency.
Cornell and Surveyor George H. Sharperefused to obey the president's order; Sherman encouraged Arthur to resign, offering him appointment by Hayes to the consulship in Paris in exchange, but Arthur refused.
Evarts to the Senate for confirmation as their replacements.
United States presidential election, Garfield—Arthur campaign poster Conkling and his fellow Stalwarts, including Arthur, wished to follow up their success at the Republican National Convention by securing the nomination for their ally, ex-President Grant.
Blainea Senator from Maine who was more amenable to civil service reform. Mortonthe first choice of Garfield's supporters, consulted with Conkling, who advised him to decline, which he did.
According to a purported eyewitness account by journalist William C. Hudson, Conkling and Arthur argued, with Arthur telling Conkling, "The office of the Vice-President is a greater honor than I ever dreamed of attaining. The Democratic nominee, General Winfield Scott Hancockwas popular and, having avoided taking definitive positions on most issues of the day, he had not offended any pivotal constituencies.
Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur Arthur taking the oath of office as administered by Judge John R. Arthur's status in the administration diminished when, a month before inauguration day, he gave a speech before reporters suggesting the election in Indiana, a swing statehad been won by Republicans through illegal machinations.
Plattresigned in protest of Garfield's continuing opposition to their faction.Updated world stock indexes. Get an overview of major world indexes, current values and stock market data.
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, – November 18, ) was an American attorney and politician who served as the 21st President of the United States from to ; he was the 20th Vice President of the United States and became president upon the death of President James Garfield in September Arthur was born in Fairfield, Vermont, grew up in upstate New York, and practiced law.
Number President: 21st President: Terms Served: 1 Term Served: Dates Served: Party: Republican: State Represented: New York: Married to / First Lady. Chester A. Arthur was the 21st president of the United States. He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter.
Chester Born: Oct 05, Welcome to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Over 60, biographies, 72 million words, 11, portraits of significant, influential or notorious figures who shaped British history – perform advanced search; Life of the day now available by email or RSS feed.; Have questions about how to use the redesigned website?
Oct 27, · Watch video · Chester Alan Arthur was born on October 5, , in Fairfield, Vermont. His Baptist minister father, William Arthur, hailed from .